Peace and Disarmament
Pugwash Conferences President Dr. M.S. Swaminathan Lectures in Hiroshima
On July 25, Professor M.S. Swaminathan, pioneering agronomist of India's "Green Revolution" and current president of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, spoke on "The Status of Human Security: 60 Years after the Atomic Bombs" at the Soka Gakkai Ikeda Peace Center in Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Prefecture. Prof. Swaminathan is currently in Japan to attend the 55th Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, being held from July 23-27 in Hiroshima. The event commemorates the 50th anniversary of "The Russell-Einstein Manifesto," issued in 1955 by Bertrand Russell and Albert Einstein. The manifesto was an appeal for all human beings to: "Remember your humanity, and forget the rest. If you can do so, the way lies open to a new Paradise; if you cannot, there lies before you the risk of universal death."
In his lecture, referring to the ideals of Sir Joseph Rotblat, Nobel Laureate for Peace and president emeritus of the Pugwash Conferences, and Dr. Linus Pauling (1901-94), two-time Nobel prize recipient (chemistry in 1954 and peace in 1962), Prof. Swaminathan emphasized that the spirit underlying the Pugwash Conferences is that science exists for the sake of humanity's happiness. He also stressed the significance of promoting education among youth on "the culture of peace" and the abolition of nuclear weapons and war itself.
Prior to his lecture, Prof. Swaminathan viewed "Choose Life--Arnold Toynbee and Daisaku Ikeda," an exhibition showcasing the dialogues between the late renowned British historian Dr. Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975) and SGI President Daisaku Ikeda. On the occasion, Prof. Swaminathan received the Soka Gakkai Hiroshima Peace Award for his lofty endeavors dedicated to the values of human survival, co-existence and peace, which greatly contribute to the creation of the "culture of peace."