Soka Gakkai International
Buddhism in Action for Peace
History & Philosophy
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by Akira Gokita, Japan
Akira Gokita, director of the Tokyo Fuji Art Museum, describes the museum’s development from one man’s vision of art as a vehicle to unite people in their humanity and as a force for peace.
In 1961, the year after he became president of the Soka Gakkai, Daisaku Ikeda announced his vision of establishing an art museum in Tokyo, stating his conviction that doing so was “imperative to the promotion of a movement for peace and culture.” In the fall of that same year, Mr. Ikeda undertook a trip to Europe and visited a number of countries including France, Italy, the UK, Spain and West Germany. In each of these places he took the opportunity to visit major museums, honing his vision of the institution he would go on to found. Today, the Tokyo Fuji Art Museum (TFAM) sits amongst the verdant hills of Hachioji, Tokyo, some 8 million visitors having passed through its doors since they first opened on November 3, 1983.
Hachioji is a western suburb of Tokyo known for its many academic institutions. It is home to Soka University, also founded by Mr. Ikeda. A collaborative relationship between the university and the museum has produced a rich array of activities and initiatives including public lectures, workshops, concerts and educational programs for schoolchildren. In this way, we have created a space that reflects our founder’s objective of establishing a “castle” of humanistic culture and a “palace” of education.
This ambitious vision began to be substantiated from the very beginning. An individual who played a vital role in ensuring this was the acclaimed art historian René Huyghe, curator of the Louvre’s Department of Paintings and member of the French Academy. To mark TFAM’s opening, Mr. Huyghe curated a grand exhibition titled “Masterpieces of French Art” that showcased important masterpieces from the 16th to the 19th centuries. The chronological organization of the display guided visitors through the historical development of Western art during this period. The exhibition’s success laid the foundation for the ongoing vibrant cultural exchange with museums around the world that is a notable characteristic of TFAM’s activities.
TFAM houses over 30,000 artworks—paintings, woodblock prints, sculptures, cultural artifacts and photographs—from East and West and from ancient to modern. In particular, the collection of Western paintings that spans 500 years and includes several renowned masterpieces from the Renaissance to the modern period and the collection of 20,000 photographs by well-known photographers that covers the full history of photography have been acclaimed both in Japan and abroad.
The museum’s Permanent Exhibition Gallery houses the collection of Western paintings, while special exhibitions of collections from around the world are shown in the Special Exhibition Gallery. Every Saturday, the museum hosts its Gallery Talk during which visitors engage with the museum’s curators about the exhibited works.
The promotion of peace and mutual understanding through cultural exchange is a core value of the museum. As Mr. Ikeda writes: “What will serve as a fundamental force for taking humanity from this 20th century of war and ushering in a 21st century of peace? This is a question of gravest consequence for humankind. The answer is the power of culture—that force which links human hearts together across differences of ethnicity, nationality and religion. This unifying power of culture represents a brilliant light of hope for all.”
The answer is the power of culture—that force which links human hearts together across differences of ethnicity, nationality and religion.
Based on the founding guideline to be “a museum creating bridges around the world,” over the past 32 years, TFAM has held 44 cultural exchange exhibitions, displaying works from 22 countries and territories. Over the same period, we have lent artworks to museums in 19 countries.
A second core value of the museum is making great art widely accessible. Mr. Ikeda remarks, “Without the participation and appreciation of the people, culture and art are empty, meaningless.” As well as pursuing this objective of making art more accessible through its own facility, TFAM has, in its short history, undertaken over 300 collaborative exhibitions with museums around Japan.
As a further measure to promote the appreciation of art, TFAM has provided free bus transportation to the museum for elementary and junior high school students in the Hachioji area since 2012. In this time, more than 3,000 students from 26 schools have benefitted from the initiative. And since 2009, our museum curators have visited schools to conduct art-related workshops.
related article Toda Institute Sponsors Music and Peacebuilding Workshop; Participates in International Peace Research Conference The SGI-affiliated Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research held a senior research fellows meeting and a workshop on music and peacebuilding in Istanbul prior to the 25th International Peace Research Association (IPRA) General Conference held there in mid-August. TFAM also conducts a Work Experience Program for young people, exposing them to a broad range of museum operations—from security and reception services to backroom functions and simulated curatorial research. Since the beginning of this program in 2009, a total of 259 students from 13 different schools have participated. The museum has also developed several community initiatives in art education, such as curator training and internship opportunities.
Having entered the fourth decade of its existence, TFAM will continue to seek out fresh ways to offer new joy and enrichment to the hearts of many people by embodying our founder’s vision of contributing to the peace and culture of humanity.
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